Researching A Country
You will need some basic research. Here are some logical steps to researching about your
country. You will need to get a map of your country, preferably one that also shows its neighbors
and relative position in the region.
Consulting web sites is an easily accessible research method. Here is a list of useful sites. Not
all need to be consulted. Some are specialist and would only apply to particular countries in
specific circumstances.
Most useful are:
· THIMUN www.thimun.or
· THIMUN-Singapore www.thimunsingapore.org·
CIA World Fact Book www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook
· United Nations Organization www.un.org
· UN Cyber School Bus www.un.org/Pubs/CyberSchoolBus
· Embassies Worldwide www.embassyworld.com
· Missions at the United Nations www.un.org.Overview/missions.htm
· CNN www.cnn.com
· BBC News www.bbc.co.uk
· Reuters www.reuters.com
Below you will see a list of items that you will want to learn about your country. Use the
headings and sub topics and create a country research report. This will become a very useful
tool for you.
Part One: Geography – physical
1. climate- tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

2. fresh water availability- improved:
urban: 75% of population
rural: 69% of population
total: 71% of population
unimproved:
urban: 25% of population
rural: 31% of population
total: 29% of population (2008)


3. ocean access- No oceans. But Bay of Bengal (sea) and Andaman Sea.

4. rivers - Ayeyarwaddy River, Thanlwin River, Chindwin River, Sittaung River, Irrawaddy River

5. bordering countries - Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Laos


6. physical advantages / disadvantages of topography - ?

Part Two: Geography – human
1. population- 53,999,804 people


2. languages spoken- Burmese (Official)


3. ethnic groups- Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%

4. religious groups- Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%


5. problems between ethnic groups-


6. health data- Main diseases: Diarrhea, Dengue Fever, Malaria, Rabies, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis A, Typhoid.
a. birth rate- 19.31 births/1,000 population

b. infant mortality- total: 49.23 deaths/1,000 live births

c. population per doctor- 0.457 physicians/1,000 population
d. life expectancy- 64.88 years


7. education- School life expectancy: total: 9 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years, No education expendtures.

literacy rate- definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.9%
male: 93.9%
female: 86.4%


expected years in school- total: 9 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years


Part Three Economics

1. Major sector of the economy (industrial, agricultural, service, diversified etc)
Agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments, jade and gems. Myanmar also has production of oil.
2. GDP
The Growth Domestic Product of Myanmar is 76.47 billion dollars.
3. Population below the poverty line
Myanmar has 32.7% of people above the poverty line.
Part Four: Human Development Index
1. your country’s ranking
Myanmar’s Ranking is #149 in the “Low Ranking” category.
2. compared to other countries
3. Per capita income
Part Five: Politics
1. formal name of country - Myanmar

2. type of government (ie. monarch) - nominal civilian parliamentary government took power in March 2011


3. political parties currently in power - The government of Burma is controlled by the military.


4. country’s leader - Thein Sein President


5. other political organizations within the country -

6. independent sovereignty since - 4th January 1948 after more than 100 years under the colonial administration


7. joined the UN - 19 April 1948

8. Former colony? - The Colony of Burma (1937-1948) was a British colony in Southeast Asia.

9. corruption perceptions index (www.transparency.org) - highly corrupt rank-180 score-1.5


Part Six Natural resources
1. commodities(goods) produced- total: 9 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years
2. petroleum resources-
3. water-
4. land
5. natural environment (ie. forests)

Part Seven International relations
1. friends and allies
China, India, Thailand, The United States,Ireland, and, France.


2. must get along with
United States because they are helping their transition to Democracy.
China because they are the big super power of Asia and can cause severe problems to them.

3. do not get along with
Britain, and recently for the reason of trade, the whole European Union


4. relations with neighbors- China (Allies), Thailand (Allies)



5. international criticisms
Criticised by most of the world that the elections are shams. US and UK say that Than Shwe is still in power.

6. international problems
Much of the Parliament still supports Fascism even though Thein Sein (The president) supports the move to democracy. Also the government has faced many issues through their crackdown on protesters.
7.stategic partners
China- because in the security counsel China is one of the big five, so they have the veto power for resolutions that Burma doesn’t want.
History1. General
The final Burman royal dynasty, the Konbaung, was established in 1752 under the rule of King Alaungpaya and lasted until the fall of King Thibaw to Britain in 1885. Like the Taungoo Kings, the Konbaung rulers focused on warfare and conquest. Wars were fought with the ethnic Mons and Arakanese, and with the Siamese. The Burmese sacked the Siamese capital of Ayuthaya in 1767. This period also saw four invasions by the Chinese and three devastating wars with the British. The British began their conquest of Burma in 1824, expanding their holdings after each of the three wars. At the end of the third war in 1885, the British gained complete control of Burma, annexing it to British India.
A constitution was completed in 1947 and independence granted in January 1948. General Aung San was assassinated with most of his cabinet before the constitution went into effect.

During the constitutional period from 1948 to 1962, Burma had a democratic, parliamentary government. However, the country suffered widespread conflict and internal struggle. Constitutional disputes and persistent division among political and ethnic groups contributed to the democratic government's weak hold on power. In 1958, Prime Minister U Nu accepted military rule temporarily to restore political order. The military stepped down after 18 months.

In March 1988, student-led demonstrations broke out in Rangoon in response to the worsening economic situation and evolved into a call for regime change. Despite repeated violent crackdowns by the military and police, the demonstrations increased in size and many in the general public joined the students. During mass demonstrations on August 8, 1988, military forces killed more than 1,000 demonstrators. At a rally following this massacre, Aung San Suu Kyi, the daughter of General Aung San, made her first political speech and assumed the role of opposition leader.
Cyclone Nargis hit Irrawaddy and Rangoon Divisions May 2-3, 2008. The storm devastated a huge swath of the Irrawaddy Delta region, wiping out entire villages, leaving an estimated 138,000 Burmese dead or missing, and affecting approximately 2.4 million people, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Burmese authorities were criticized for their initial reluctance to grant access to the affected region by international donors, though such access was granted in the ensuing months.

2. very recent

The country held its first elections in 20 years on November 7, 2010. The United States condemned the planning and the execution of the elections as neither free nor fair. The regime proxy Union Solidarity and Development Party won over three-quarters of elective parliamentary seats, although observers around the country reported widespread electoral malfeasance, including abuse of advance voting procedures. Per Burma's 2008 constitution, military appointees fill one-quarter of all parliamentary seats. The new, nominally civilian government took office on April 1, 2011, and the SPDC was dissolved. Insiders from the SPDC era fill almost all key positions at the national level and most at the state/region level. The current roles of the former top two SPDC leaders, Senior General Than Shwe and Vice Senior General Maung Aye, remain unclear.
On May 14, 2009, security forces took Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest to Insein prison and charged her and her two assistants with baseless crimes related to an uninvited U.S. citizen who swam to her home. Following a trial that was widely viewed as unfair, on August 11, 2009, Aung San Suu Kyi and her two assistants were convicted of violating the terms of her house arrest. The international community criticized her conviction and subsequent sentence to an additional 18 months of house arrest. The SPDC government released Aung San Suu Kyi on November 13, 2010, after more than 7 years' continuous detention. However, the government continues to hold an estimated 2,100 other political prisoners.


Defense
1. military structure- The Myanmar army structure was based on the regimental system.

2. dependency on other nations - no dependence on other nations.

3. size of military- 350,000 people

4. recent military history - article http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/world/asia/07junta.html

5. percent of budget or GDP spent on military - 2.1% of GDP

6. dependency upon military - yes because the military is their government.
Flag of your countryexternal image tx8k4yP85722M6Q3eWHsREVsRTL39gm4RQ4mEqvLj1PlDbZMFHFCxOX4h-dCdl7f5n8Trqm3kSeLmNl8bDbW6g4kROFI4w2V0YyS-CMVXBRnIgjEBdk


Part 1: Trisha
Part 2: Niki
Part 3: Soham
Part 4: Ananya
Part 5: Trisha
Part 6: Niki
Part 7: Soham
History: Ananya
Defense: Niki/Trisha
Flag: Niki