Human Rights 2
1. Measures to combat child slavery and trafficking- Yeshey Seldon

PART ONE:
  • General Overview of the Topic / UN perspective
After World War II, many European children were suffering. They were cold, hungry, homeless and need basic health care. UNICEF, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, was created to help deal with these problems. Now, the United Nations works hard to protect children from violence, trafficking, prostitution and pornography. The needs and rights of children are also addressed in the Millennium Development Goals.

The United Nations estimates that there are approximately 8.4 million in the worst forms of child labor, with a further 1.2 million children involved in trafficking. This results in a total of 9.6 million children who are in instances similar to enslavement.
  • Major Parties Involved and Their Views
Many child slaves are slaves because of poverty. The children's parents might have sold them to pay a debt or alleviate their families poverty. Children who are slaves or are being trafficked definitely do not want to be working/ doing what they do. Many wish to go to school or return to their families. Children are also tricked into trafficking or slavery by people telling them or their families that they will be working in a factory etc. The traffickers/ "owners" can earn a lot of money by selling these children to brothels etc. Another point of view is a consumer's point of view. These comsumers may or may not know that the objects they have may be a result of child slavery.
  • Key Terms Defined
Child Trafficking: the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receiving of children for the purpose of exploitation
Brothel: A house of prostitution
Child (as defined by the UN) – a human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier
Child Slavery – work or service, including forced or bonded labor, which is forced from a child under the threat of any penalty and for which the said child has not voluntarily offered itself
  • Timeline of Events
Child Slavery (labor): There are millions of children in the world who are currently helping there families by working, but the work that they do is not dangerous or exploitive. However, there are still millions of children involved in child labor. UNICEF that 150 million children aged 5-14 in developing countries, about 16 per cent of all children in this age group, are involved in child labor. Child labor has declined in more developed countries, but is still highly present in developing countries.

Child Trafficking: There not much known about the number of children being trafficked, however the International Labor Organization’s 2002 estimation of 1.2 million children being trafficked each year remains the reference.


  • o 1839 – Anti Slavery International is created

  • o 1919 – The International Labor Organization (ILO) is founded

  • o 1926 – The Slavery Convention defines slavery

  • o 1930 – ILO Convention 29 concerning Forced or Compulsory Labor broadens the previous definition of slavery

  • o 1974 – Economic and Social Council establishes the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery which monitors the application of slavery conventions and submits proposals for action on national and international levels

  • o 1989 – Convention of the Rights of the Child is established as a legally binding instrument Including the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of children

  • o 1992 – International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC) is created by the ILO

  • o 1999 – ILO Convention 182, Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention is created to take further measures against forms of child labor including trafficking, slavery, bonded or forced labor and illicit activities

  • o 2000 – Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children defines child tra!cking and acknowledges it as a violation of children’s rights. The protocol has been ratified by 135 member nations

  • o 2007 – Human Rights Council Resolution 6/14 establishes the Mandate on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, its Causes and Consequences, which succeeds the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery

  • o 2007 – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) establishes the Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)

  • UN Involvement, Relevant Resolutions, Treaties and Events
Child Slavery (labor): The United Nations is strongly against child labor and works against it. Some examples of this are the UNs involvement in Roadmap for achieving the elimination of the worst forms of child labour by 2016, helps change the cultural acceptance of child labor, and helps employers and private sector see how the impact of their products to children.

Child Trafficking:UNICEF works with development partners, governments and non-governmental organizations on all aspects of anti-trafficking responses – prevention, protection and prosecution – and supports evidence-based research to strengthen interventions." UNICEF also helps strengthn and improve laws, and policies on child trafficking.

  • o Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

  • o Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Institutions Similar to Slavery (1956)

  • o ILO Convention 182, Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention (1999)

  • o Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2000)

  • o Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (2000)

"Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that ‘No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms." Slavery may be looked at a thing of the past, but is still widely present. Children or any human should not have to be slaves but this still goes on.

  • Possible Solutions
Child Slavery and Child Trafficking are important issues in our world. While these may be looked upon as things of the past, they are a reality. There are many solutions to end child slavery and child trafficking. All of these involve many steps, which may take a long time, but still can work. Countries should try to follow the Roadmap for achieving the elimination of the worst forms of child labour by 2016, and can work with NGO's such as Save the Children or Free the Children.

PART THREE:
http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,USDOS,,HUN,,4e12ee752d,0.html
http://www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2003/hungary.htm#_ftnref2157

  • What is the problem? How does it affect your country?

Child Slavery and Trafficking is present in our modern day world. These children live terrible lives without education or pay. Many work to help support with their family's economic status. According to UNHCR 2011- Trafficking in Persons Report for Hungary; there is quite a bit of sex trafficking in Hungary. Hungary is a source, transit, and destination country for women and girls subjected to sex trafficking. Girls are trafficked from Romania, Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, Yugoslavia, and China to and through Hungary to Western Europe and the United States for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitatio
Roma women and girls who grow up in Hungarian orphanages are highly vulnerable to internal sex trafficking. Romanian women and children are subjected to sex trafficking in Hungary. There are not any statistics on the number of working children under 15 in Hungary, little evidence of child labor in the formal sector, although occasional violations of child labor regulations, such as utilizing overtime or in-kind payment schemes, have been reported. Children work as beggars in urban areas, and also as prostitutes, according to Budapest Police, although the scope of the problem is unknown


  • What has your country done to combat the problem?
Hungary has not reached it’s full potential in battling child slavery and trafficking, but is making considerable measures to do so. The Hungarian government created shelter for trafficking victims during the first 5 months of 2010, but this shelter closed in May 2012, and government still has to make another shelter. (UNHCR) The Hungarian government also paired up with NGO’s to form a trafficking victims hotline. Although Hungary is a Tier Two, its efforts to combat child trafficking could be improved. Hungary does send a majority of convicted offenders to jail, however the efforts to investigate trafficking cases reduced. The government provided a reflection period for foreign victims of trafficking; however, domestic victims were not permitted a reflection period. Additionally, at least one victim was punished for unlawful acts as a direct result of being trafficked.
Hungary is partners with groups such as the IMO and women’s rights organizations to implement trafficking prevention programs in schools. The Hungarian government partially pays help support a trafficking information hotline. Hungary works with border guards and educates them on trafficking and had a particular emphasis on preventing trafficking in children and young adults. Many believe that education is a way out of problems like child labor so in 1999 Hungary amended the Act of Public Education to implement an educational improvement project, which included measures to increase access to schools, primary education is also free.
“According to the 1999 Act of Offenses, persuading or soliciting another to engage in prostitution is illegal, as is working in a brothel under the age of 18. The punishment is two to eight years imprisonment.1794 The Criminal Code has provisions against kidnapping and violations of personal freedom and smuggling of persons”
  • What are the various “sides” in the debate?
Some countries may say that Hungary is putting enough effort into protecting the rights of children.
There are the tourists who travel to Hungary for prostiution.
The Hungarian government may also say that they are working to combat the issue.
  • Which aspects of the issue are most important to your country?
Child prostiution. Hungary is a transit, source and destination for victims of trafficking. Children go into prositution because of poverty etc.
  • If your country is not involved with the issue, how can it become involved?
Hungary is involved in changing the state of trafficking and child labor.
  • How will your country shape the debate at the conference?
By giving ideas on how to control the trafficking around Europe, because Hungary is not only a source of child trafficking but also a transit and destination for trafficking. Hungary also could stand as a model to
  • What arguments will other countries make?
That Hungary is not doing enough to combat the problem, and that we should work harder.
  • How do the positions of other countries affect your country’s position?
Major trafficking countries will have to use limitations on trafficking to help reduce the number of trafficking victims in Hungary as a transit/destination.

  • Is there evidence or statistics that might help to back up your country’s position?
  • In 1998, the gross primary enrollment rate was 102.6 percent and the net primary enrollment rate was 81.8 percent
  • Schools in ethnic Roma communities are in markedly poorer condition, and only a reported 1.6 percent of Roma children graduate from high school.
  • Forced labor is prohibited by law
  • The punishment is two to eight years imprisonment
  • The National Work Safety and Labor Affairs Supervision Office (OMMF) has 20 county and local offices to enforce the labor code, including provisions related to child labor.
  • Violations of labor regulations are misdemeanors punishable by a fine ranging from approximately USD 160 to 9,000.
  • The government investigated and prosecuted an increased number of trafficking cases in 2001


2. Freedom of expression in the Peoples Republic of China - Ankit Prasad

PART ONE:

Freedom of Expression in China:


United Nations Charter
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status.
Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
General Overview of the Topic
Freedom of Expression, this is one of the most important human rights a person could have. Peacefully expressing one’s views, holding one’s religious beliefs, advocating for democratic reform and human rights and defending the rights of others are some examples of the right to Freedom of Expression.
Despite the high level economic growth, Chinese citizens still feel they do not have basic freedom of expression. Any anti-government outburst is termed activity to subvert the state and thus leads to immediate imprisonment.
The Chinese government heavily relies on self censorship, and the use of and internet firewall that blocks or filters out sensitive content. The government has gone ahead and passed a new law which requires the internet and other telecommunication companies to cooperate in investigations regarding “state secret” leaks or face repercussions. Social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr remain blocked by the Chinese government. They control all online news reports and licenses are granted only to government backed websites.
Key Parties Involved
Chinese Government
Countries that pride themselves on fighting for human rights – USA, the UK and France
Minority populations such as Tibetans, Uighurs, Mongolians and other ethnic groups are continuously being repressed by the Chinese authorities.
International Groups – Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch

Timeline
1949 China become a republic
1950 Chairman Mao era begins
1950 Enters Korean War and also invades Tibet
1953 With the end of the Korean War start Mao’s “Great Leap Forward”
1966 Cultural revolution – that official start to censure of free and fair public expression
70s Civil unrest as both the Great Leap Forward and Cultural revolution lead to daily hardship to the Chinese people
1978 Deng XiaPing takes over as the Chinese Premier
80s Economic reform lead to fast paced growth
1989 Tiananmen Square uprising
90s Early 90s leads to severe control on freedom of expression
2000s Political dissent continues to be treated in a tough manner. Zero tolerance shown to anyone saying anything remotely against the state
2011 Human right activists continue to be jailed or expelled from China

UN Involvement
The UN remains vigilant of the happening in China. Only last month it came out in support of a Chinese human rights activist. Below is the UN press release
26 December 2011 –The United Nations human rights chief voiced today her deep concern about the verdict and extremely harsh sentencing in the trial of leading activist Chen Wei, adding that it represents a serious setback for the protection and promotion of human rights in China.
The verdict comes just one week after Chinese lawyer Gao Zhisheng was sentenced to three year's in prison just before the end of his suspended sentence.
The conviction and extremely harsh sentencing of Chen Wei indicates a further tightening of the severe restrictions on the scope of freedom of expression in China that has been seen over the last two years, said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay, adding that this verdict, along with that of Mr. Gao, are the latest examples of an escalating clamp-down on the activities of human rights defenders in China.
I call upon Chinese authorities to release any person detained for peacefully exercising his or her right to freedom of expression, Ms. Pillay said.
Mr. Chen was sentenced to nine years of prison for inciting subversion against the State because of his writings on various overseas websites for the defense of human rights. Mr. Chen, who was one of the student leaders in the 1989 Democracy Movement, has already spent more than five years in prison as a result of his peaceful activities as a dissident.
On Friday, UN human rights experts denounced the secret detention of Mr. Gao, who was first arrested in 2006 for his advocacy work against violations of human rights in the country. He was accused of subversion against State power but this has never been proven in a court of law.
Mr. Gao has been secretly detained several times, and for the past 20 months has been detained in an unknown location.
The UN human rights experts expressed their concern about Mr. Gao's health condition and urged Chinese authorities to release him immediately.
Possible Solutions
  1. 1. Show China that freedom expression does not hamper political stability; it only gives it more strength
  2. 2. Have key Chinese leaders experience the personal and emotional joy of free expression
  3. 3. Invite Chinese political scholars to open debate in College Campuses in the Europe and America
  4. 4. Stand tough to the Chinese economic juggernaut. Economic windfalls should not let countries curtail their beliefs in free expression
  5. 5. Gently warn the “open” Chinese leaders – lack of free expression in the long term will only harm the political leadership

The Chinese authorities have tightened restrictions on the NGO’s and human rights defenders operating in the country. In May last year, the authorities pressurized the Beijing University to cut its links with four civil society groups including the Center for Women’s Law and Legal services. A prominent human rights activist, Gao Zhisheng disappeared while in custody of public security officials and remains unaccounted for. The government comes down pretty hard on the human rights defenders.
Internationally, China has grown to be economically and politically influential; hence, countries refrain from criticizing China’s lack of progress on human rights. When Norway announced long time Chinese political activist Liu Xiaobo as the Nobel Peace Prize winner Chinese authorities indefinitely postponed their bilateral trade talks with them and pressured other foreign diplomats not to attend the award ceremony in Oslo.

PART THREE:
China – Freedom of Expression

What is the problem? How does it affect your country?

Problem: The push by Western countries and also international bodies like the UN, that we in China need to allow more freedom of expression.

Affect on China: Only that the liberal press and Western countries continue to harp on this area and all the time. This has not hampered the Chinese government in bettering the lives of its citizens.

What has your country done to combat the problem?

  1. 1. First of all, our country does not believe it to be a problem
  2. 2. This is problem perceived by the Western countries and their liberal media.
  3. 3. On our end, the Chinese government at all times doing everything to make sure we can to improve the daily lives of our citizens. This change has seen on the ground and has been noticed by everyone around the world.

What are the various “sides” in the debate?

Two sides to this debate:

  • The Western view that China needs to improve “freedom of expression”.
  • Our View – the Chinese view that our foremost task is to work hard in improving the daily lives of our citizens.

Which aspects of the issue are most important to your country?

  1. 1. As global citizens, we value feedback and always listen to feedback carefully. In this case, even when the feedback is always same and with a negative slant.
  2. 2. For our country it is important we maintain friendly and cordial relations with everyone in the world
  3. 3. It is also important to us that we share our philosophy, ways of life and reasons for success with everyone in the world
  4. 4. It is also important that people respect us for who we are and not try change us becoming Western “copy cat” country

If your country is not involved with the issue, how can it become involved?

  1. 1. My country is very involved with this issue.
  2. 2. On a daily basis we engage with diplomats from major countries of the world and also with officials of the UN.
How will your country shape the debate at the conference?

  1. 1. At the conference my country is going to drive the debate from the front
  2. 2. We will let reality speak for itself
  3. 3. The world needs to know how all-inclusive and harmonious growth in China has not just benefited a person in Shanghai but also in a small village in Sichuan province.
  4. 4. While the world talks of freedom of expression, we talk for harmony and inclusion.
  5. 5. The world needs to understand the concept called Yin Yang. This defines the Chinese thought process. One is Yang which represents everything positive and the other Yin which is negative. One is not better than the other. As in the Western view is neither better nor worse than the Chinese view. Instead they are both necessary and a balance of both is needed for the world to move forward.

What arguments will other countries make?

  • The countries (mainly the US, UK and France) will sing from the same sheet of paper and cite silly instances where Christian Bale, star of Batman was unable to meet a tainted lawyer who west terms is fighting for better human rights.
  • They will talk about Dalai Lama and Tibet
  • Ask for improved treatment of people who have been implicated for subversion of the Chinese state. People like Yu Jie and Hu Jia

How do the positions of other countries affect your country’s position?

  1. 1. Frankly their action do not impact us
  2. 2. Yes, China receives bad press
  3. 3. But beyond that, there is little or no impact
  4. 4. The truth is that world wants China as much as China wants the world!
  5. 5. All such positions do is put head of state of major countries under duress and force them to take on issues of little or no importance.

Is there evidence or statistics that might help to back up your country’s position?

  1. 1. Yes, there is plenty of evidence to support our position the China believes in Harmony, the concept of Ying Yang and inclusive growth
  2. 2. Change in the landscape of China is well known
  3. 3. In less than 20 years China is going to be the largest economy in the world
  4. 4. But in the UN sessions, lets debate “Freedom of Expression” in real terms and without prejudice using another very important and emerging economic superpower – India as an example.
a) India is world’s largest democracy
b) Using the Western measurement parameters, India can be termed as country that allows full freedom of expression
c) However, it can be argued that India and its citizens are not ready for full and complete freedom /democracy
d) Today the country is mired with logjam on political decision making. Regional and caste politics will make sure India will always have a coalition government. The kind of collation government will always take soft decisions that will resolve the key issues facing the common man
e) The common man in his zest for freedom of expression is constantly holding up progress
f) Even proud of Indian will grudgingly acknowledge that too much freedom in the country has stunted the possible growth and also led to economic disparity between rich and poor

Protecting Tibet Ethnic Groups:












3. Appropriate limits on punishment for ‘young’ criminal offenders - Trisha Chandra

  • General Overview of the Topic / UN perspective
Young criminals are a big issue for countries all over the world, for developing countries and developed countries. Poverty, alcoholic parents and being exposed to weapons, drugs are many of the things that lead to young criminals.
  • Major Parties Involved and Their Views
  • Key Terms Defined
Serious crimes
Judiciary – the system of courts of justice in a country.
Deprived – suffering a severe and damaging lack of basic material and cultural benefits.
Appropriate – suitable or proper in the circumstances
Delinquency – minor crime, committed by young people.
  • Timeline of Events
In the early 1800s children were held responsible their crimes and were treated like adults. Also in the early 1800s a separate prison was made. By the early 1900s a separate judiciary system was established, but the young criminals were still treated like adults. In 1969 it was prohibited to give a death penalty to someone younger than the age of 18. It was now called to attention that young criminals should be treated different from adults. In 1989 the UN established “Convention On The Rights of the Child”. Young criminals even now are a huge issue, it needs attention from all countries.
  • UN Involvement, Relevant Resolutions, Treaties and Events
The UN created the Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice and Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty to face the issues of the punishments for delinquents. Also the UN started the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which addressed the rights of a child.
    • Possible Solutions




Delinquency is not easy to totally stop; the judiciary systems all over the world should follow the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Organizations, like UNICEF are helping. They believe that the punishment should be in the child’s best interest. UNICEF encourages having child sensitive courts.

4. Respect for and protection of the cultural and religious uniqueness of the people of Tibet - Ankit Prasad

Respect for and protection of the cultural and religious uniqueness of the people of Tibet
Since right after 1949, China had enforced full and complete control over Tibet. It has done so by use of political pressure, economic lollipops and duress. These pressures have been applied within China and with countries around the world
Tibet and the United Nations
21 October 1959
The Resolution 1353 (XIV) asked for "respect for the fundamental human rights of the Tibetan people and for their distinctive cultural and religious life."
This resolution passed with 45 votes for, 9 against and 26 abstentions.
• With China holds the Veto vote in the Security Council, thus limiting substantial progress on the Tibetan cause.
• China is also using its growing economic muscle by offering monetary sweeteners to countries and in-turn getting them to tow the Chinese line on Tibet
General Overview of the Topic
Tibet has unfortunately turned into a political football that is being used major nations around the world to gain diplomatic points. China completely ignores countries that in any shape or form associate with Tibet.
Internationally, slowly but surely it picked away the Dalai Lama. It has found every opportunity to hurt him and in turn damage his image. It has prolonged negotiations over many decades – basically trying to run out the clock. This strategy has worked. In 2011 the Dalai Lama did formally hand over political responsibilities to Lobsay Songay
In Tibet, China has been actively moving Han Chinese and thus disturbing the demographics. It has also increased economic activity and made Tibet a major tourist destination.
Key Parties Involved
Chinese Government
Countries that pride themselves on fighting for human rights – USA and France
Tibetans and other Free Tibet movements
International Groups – Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch
Timeline
1950 China enforces long held claim on Tibet
1951 17 point draft agreement signed. Given Tibet autonomy
50s The above agreement does not hold on the ground, leading to unrest
1959 Full scale revolt. Dalai Lama and key followers flee to India
1965 China established the Tibetan Autonomous Region
70s Large scale relocation of Han Chinese to Tibet
1988 Martial Law imposed
1989 Dalai Lama gets the Nobel Prize
Tiananmen uprising
90s China clams down. The Free Tibet efforts move sideways
2000s Dalai Lama get international following. But is unable to translate into a victory of the Tibetan people
2008 Britain says Tibet is part of China
2011 Obama meets with Dalai Lama
Dalai Lama formally hands over political responsibilities to Lobsay Songay

UN Involvement
The UN remains vigilant of the happening in Tibet. The Secretary General has personally spoken against the Chinese authorities cracking down on protestors in Tibet. Below from the BBC
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has called on both Chinese forces and demonstrators in Tibet to show restraint after days of rioting.
Mr Ban urged "a peaceful resolution", but made it clear there were no plans for UN intervention.
Up to 80 protesters are reported to have died in the Chinese crackdown.
A Chinese deadline for protesters to surrender has passed, but large numbers of police are patrolling the streets of the regional capital, Lhasa.
Pro-Tibet activists have been demonstrating outside Chinese embassies across the world.


Possible Solutions
Frankly the possibility of a Free Tibet or even a truly Autonomous Tibet is remote. It is not likely to happen in our life times
Unless China implodes (very unlikely) the dream to have a Free Tibet is all but gone!
The international community appeals to India. It asks India marks the the Leh, Ladakh as a New Tibet. It will require the political and financial deal making. Yes, this too is a very difficult proposition but still more achievable then working things with the Chinese

Part 3:
Tibet

What is the problem? How does it affect your country?

Problem: The push by Western countries and also international bodies like the UN wants China to allow more freedom to people in Tibet.

Affect on China: Only that the liberal press and Western countries continue to harp on this area and all the time. This has not hampered the Chinese government in bettering the lives of its citizens.

What has your country done to combat the problem?

  1. 1. First of all, our country does not believe it to be a problem
  2. 2. This is problem perceived by the Western countries and their liberal media.
  3. 3. On our end, the Chinese government at all times doing everything to make sure we can to improve the daily lives of our citizens. This change has seen on the ground and has been noticed by everyone around the world.

What are the various “sides” in the debate?

Two sides to this debate:

  • The Western view that China needs to improve conditions in Tibet
  • Our View – the Chinese view that our foremost task is to work hard in improving the daily lives of our citizens. Speaking Tibet, the province over the past 2 decades has witnessed more progress than in all its history.

Which aspects of the issue are most important to your country?

  1. 1. As global citizens, we value feedback and always listen to feedback carefully. In this case, even when the feedback is always same and with a negative slant.
  2. 2. For our country it is important we maintain friendly and cordial relations with everyone in the world
  3. 3. It is also important to us that we share our philosophy, ways of life and reasons for success with everyone in the world
  4. 4. It is also important that people respect us for who we are and appreciate our view point on Tibet
  5. 5. We (China) have a lot of respect for the Buddhist faith and are aware that it is something very close to many people around the world

If your country is not involved with the issue, how can it become involved?

  1. 1. My country is very involved with this issue.
  2. 2. On a daily basis we engage with diplomats from major countries of the world and also with officials of the UN.
  3. 3. We have also had multiple formal and in-formal dialogue with dissident groups who seem to represent the Tibetan cause

How will your country shape the debate at the conference?

  1. 1. At the conference my country is going to drive the debate from the front
  2. 2. We will let reality speak for itself
  3. 3. The world needs to know how all-inclusive and harmonious growth in China has not just benefited a person in Shanghai but also in a small village outside Lhasa.
  4. 4. While the world talks about Tibet, we talk for harmony and growth of all citizens of China.
  5. 5. The world needs to understand the concept called Yin Yang. This defines the Chinese thought process. One is Yang which represents everything positive and the other Yin which is negative. One is not better than the other. As in the Western view is neither better nor worse than the Chinese view. Instead they are both necessary and a balance of both is needed for the world to move forward.

What arguments will other countries make?

  • The countries (mainly the US, UK and France) will sing from the same sheet of paper and cite silly instances of the wrongs been done to Tibet.
  • They will talk about Dalai Lama
  • Ask for improved treatment of people in Tibet and release people who committed unlawful acts including acting to subvert of the Chinese state.
  • Increase movement of the Han population to Tibet

How do the positions of other countries affect your country’s position?

  1. 1. Frankly their action do not impact us
  2. 2. Yes, China receives bad press
  3. 3. But beyond that, there is little or no impact
  4. 4. The truth is that world wants China as much as China wants the world!
  5. 5. All such positions do is put head of state of major countries under duress and force them to take on issues of little or no importance.

Is there evidence or statistics that might help to back up your country’s position?

  1. 1. Yes, there is plenty of evidence to support our position the China believes in Harmony, the concept of Ying Yang and inclusive growth
  2. 2. Change in the landscape of China is well known
  3. 3. This change is not just in the southern provinces of Guangdong or Fuzhou, but has also come to Tibet
  4. 4. Once you are on the ground, you can see development, growth and change in infrastructure all around you.
  5. 5. China values Tibet and its people are part of the China just like anywhere else in China.
  6. 6. However, China will not entertain any discussion that even remotely alludes to Tibet being a breakaway province. It will quash such thought and will stridently oppose such people.