Put all your country information here:

Part One: Geography – physical-Kabir
1. climate-

Extremely diverse climate... desert, tropical, sub-tropical, subarctic...

2. Fresh water availability
Good availability in most parts except more and more algae growth. In northern plains water shortages are common and acute.

3. Ocean access
East China Sea, South China Sea, Yellow Sea

4. Rivers
Yangtze River, Yellow River

5. bordering countries
Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

6. Physical advantages / disadvantages of topography
China is bordered by lots of mountains and has quite some rivers going through its landscape. 3.7 million square miles of landscape. Some parts are easy to build on and some are hard.
Part Two: Geography – human-Kabir
1. Population
1,336,718,015

2. Languages spoken
Main languages are Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese


3. Ethnic groups
Han Chinese, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, and Uygher
4. Religious groups
Atheism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam

5. Problems between ethnic groups
Uyghers want to break free from China and riots took place

6. Health data
a. Birth rate
12.29/1,000 people
b. Infant mortality
16.06 deaths/1,000 live births

c. Population per doctor
17 doctors per 10000 people
d. Life expectancy
74.68 years


7. Education
literacy rate
92.2%
expected years in school
9 years
Part Three Economics-Karan
1. Major sector of the economy (industrial, agricultural, service, diversified etc.)
agriculture: 10.2%
industry: 46.9%
services: 43% (2010 est.)
World leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish
2. GDP
$10.09 trillion (2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world:3
$9.144 trillion (2009 est.)
$8.374 trillion (2008 est.)
note:data are in 2010 US dollars






3. Population below the poverty line
2.8%
note:21.5 million rural population live below the official "absolute poverty" line (approximately $90 per year); an additional 35.5 million rural population live above that level but below the official "low income" line (approximately $125 per year) (2007)

Part Four: Human Development Index-Karan
1. Your country’s ranking
ranked 101
2. Compared to other countries
China's HDI is 0.687 ranked 101 out of 187 countries
3. Per capita income
$7,600 (2010 est.)
Country comparison to the world:125
$6,900 (2009 est.)
$6,400 (2008 est.)
note:data are in 2010 US dollars
Part Five: Politics-Karam
1. Formal name of country
People's Republic of China or Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
2. Type of government (ie. monarch)
Communism

3. Political parties currently in power

China Communist Party
4. Country’s leader

President Hu Jintao, Premier WEN Jiabao
5. Other political organizations within the country
National Congress Elections for President and Vice President
6. Independent sovereignty since
October 1, 1949


7. Joined the UN
November 25, 1971
8. Former colony?
Republic of China.
9. Corruption perceptions index (www.transparency.org)
3.6


Part Six Natural resources-Arnab
1. Commodities (goods) produced
Electrical and other machinery, apparel, textiles, iron, steel, and medical goods.

2. Petroleum resources
Natural gas,

3. Water
Fish
4. Land
Agriculture: Rice, wheat, corn, barley, apples, peanuts, potatoes.
Livestock: Pork

5. Natural environment (ie. forests)
Bamboo

Part Seven International relations-Karam
1. friends and allies
Myanmar, Russia, Venezuela, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Iran, Cuba, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, Serbia, Hong Kong, Singapore

2. Must get along with
Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Venezuela, Iran, Cuba, Sudan, Syria, Serbia, India, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, Germany, and the US87

3. Do not get along with
US, India, Italy, Iceland, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Norway, Paraguay, Ireland, Poland, Sweden, Canada, Britain, Australia, South Korea, Japan, Jews.



4. Relations with neighbors
doesn’t like India, and doesn’t mind others


5. International criticisms
Communist, Dislikes Dalai Lama, European Union criticize PRC

6. International problems
China vs. US- China is weakening their currency (Ren Min Bi) and selling their products in the US for a cheap price. Everyone is buying Chinese products now rather than US products.
China vs. India- China wants the Dalai Lama
History
1. General
1949, communist party took over China
1951, China took over Tibet
2. Very recent
Tiananmen Square-1983, Chinese people were protesting about not having a democracy.



Defense
1. Military structure
have to be in military from age 18-24
2. Dependency on other nations
their exports depend a lot on other nations.
3. Size of military
Man Power available
males age 16-49: 385,821,101
females age 16-49: 363,789,674 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military
males age 16-49: 318,265,016
females age 16-49: 300,323,611 (2010 est.)

4. Recent military history
Tienanmen Square, Chinese people were protesting about not having a democracy.
5. percent of budget or GDP spent on military
4.3% of GDP (2006)
country comparison to the world:22
6. Dependency upon military


Flag of your country-Arnab
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Map Of China
external image f01T0jR2atIKHhInHtMM59TtOfJaTvOHyx9WjtzesCLJtcn4-Vm2W_H_WGKRblI6HisZr848X2rdrRQpfHCmigR9U8xAS5BpE2yJ_X8aJMYOmdjEOB8


Researching A Country
You will need some basic research. Here are some logical steps to researching about your
country. You will need to get a map of your country, preferably one that also shows its neighbors
and relative position in the region.
Consulting web sites is an easily accessible research method. Here is a list of useful sites. Not
all need to be consulted. Some are specialist and would only apply to particular countries in
specific circumstances.
Most useful are:
· THIMUN www.thimun.org
· THIMUN-Singapore www.thimunsingapore.org
· CIA World Fact Book www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook
· United Nations Organization www.un.org
· UN Cyber School Bus www.un.org/Pubs/CyberSchoolBus
· Embassies Worldwide www.embassyworld.com
· Missions at the United Nations www.un.org.Overview/missions.htm
· CNN www.cnn.com
· BBC News www.bbc.co.uk
· Reuters www.reuters.com
Below you will see a list of items that you will want to learn about your country. Use the
headings and sub topics and create a country research report. This will become a very useful
tool for you.
Part One: Geography – physical
1. climate- extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

2. fresh water availability- 89%


3. ocean access- 14,500km

4. rivers- Yangtze River, Huang He River, Brahmaputra R., Pearl R., Xiang Ge R., Hanjiang R,


5. bordering countries- Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

6. physical advantages / disadvantages of topography
Bunch of Rivers
Northern China- major earthquake zone
Frequent Flooding
Part Two: Geography – human
1. population-1,336,718,015

2. languages spoken- Mandarin, Cantonese,Shanghainese, Fuzhou, Hokkien-Taiwanese, Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages


3. ethnic groups-Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%

4. religious groups- Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism


5. problems between ethnic groups- china sees minorities as a threat, they want only one culture. And they want to be the ethnic group Han Chinese. They want to get rid of all the rest.


6. health data

a. birth rate-12.29 births/1,000 population

b. infant mortality-16.06 deaths/1,000 live births


c. population per doctor-1.415 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

d. life expectancy-male: 72.68 years, female: 76.94 years (2011 est.)


7. education

literacy rate-male: 96%, 88.5%

expected years in school-male: 11 years, female: 12 years

Part Three Economics
1. Major sector of the economy (industrial, agricultural, service, diversified etc)
agriculture: 10.2%
industry: 46.9%
services: 43% (2010 est.)

2. GDP-10.3%

3. Population below the poverty line- 2.8%
Part Four: Human Development Index
1. your country’s ranking
101
2. compared to other countries
0.685
3. Per capita income
$7,600
Part Five: Politics
1. formal name of country
People’s Republic Of China
2. type of governm0.685ent (ie. monarch)
Communist state

3. political parties currently in power
communists

4. country’s leader
President HU Jintao

5. other political organizations within the country
no because they are communists
6. independent sovereignty since
1 October 1949

7. joined the UN
one of the top 5 veto countries
8. Former colony?
colonized
9. corruption perceptions index (www.transparency.org)
3.5.


Part Six Natural resources
1. commodities(goods) produced
electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, textiles, iron and steel, optical and medical equipment
2. petroleum resources
China refined 326.79 million tons of crude oil,

3. water
water: 27,060 sq km

4. land
land: 9,569,901 sq km
5. natural environment (ie. forests)
163,480 KM
Part Seven International relations
1. friends and allies
Russia (Nuclear and world Power)
SCO (Strategic ally in Central Asia)
Burma (strategic Asian ally)
Venezuela (Latin American strategic ally)
Zimbabwe (Strategic African ally)
Pakistan (Major partner and Nuclear power)
Iran (Middle eastern ally and regional power)
Cuba (Latin American strategic ally)
North Korea (Traditional cold war ally with nuclear weapons)
Sudan (Strategic African ally)
Syria (Strategic middle eastern ally)
Serbia (Possible future ally now that America has pissed them off with Kosovo)

2must get along with
US, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Germany

3. do not get along with
Hostile towards China- India, Italy, Iceland, Belgium, Czech Republic, Danmark, France, Germany, Norway, Paraguay, Ireland, Poland, Sweden, Canada, US, Britain, Australia, South Korea, Japan, Jews.


4. relations with neighbors
India- improved significantly
Myanmar- chief partners(really close)

b

5. international criticisms
USA is keeping a closer eye on them
India has been maintaining a bold stance when dealing with China

6. international problems
Are getting better
China’s transformation on the international stage has been profound
7.
History
1. General For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.

2. very recent
After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.


Defense-NIXON
1. military structure
18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2 year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles; the first class of women warship commanders was in training in 2011 (2011)
2. dependency on other nations
little
3. size of military
males age 16-49: 385,821,101
females age 16-49: 363,789,674 (2010 est.)

4. recent military history
border disputes between china and vietnam
5. percent of budget or GDP spent on military
4.3% of GDP (2006)
6. dependency upon military
not much.
Flag of your country
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external image china_map_regions.gif